Crypto scams: scam on the pole

Although these types of scams have not been known since today, scammers still outperform themselves in perfecting their techniques. Taking advantage of the naivety of their victims and promising them large earnings, the scammers commit fraud in white gloves, because only the victim remains on paper.

Scams involving the use of fake additional jobs and “poles” are an increasingly common type of crime in the cryptocurrency world. Scammers take advantage of people who want to earn extra money and offer them an opportunity to earn - easy money for simple work. The whole procedure is based on the use of the “pole” to launder money and buy cryptocurrencies. At the beginning, however, it is worth noting that cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, on which fraudsters base their activities, are in themselves solidly prepared, reliable and safe, and their weakness is simply a person - a user who uses them carelessly and incompetently, thereby risking losing his capital himself.

What is pole fraud?

The term “pole” refers to a natural person who is used by criminals to carry out various types of fraud and financial fraud. He often assumes the role of president, founder or merchant of, for example, a company and thus exposes himself to legal responsibility for all its activities. Płup provides criminals with their personal data and access to various accounts, also giving them the opportunity, for example, to take out loans in her name. In the cases discussed, fraud in the cryptocurrency world mediates the transfer of funds and the purchase of cryptocurrencies.

How does pole fraud work in the crypto world?

Scammers are actively looking for people willing to earn extra money. These can be people who advertise on classifieds portals as interested in work or earnings. They often reach people in poor financial condition, in crisis and in need. Usually, these offers appear on various groups on social media. Additional confidence to take advantage of the offer is added by fake profiles of people commenting on a given post and confirming that thanks to this offer they managed to earn large sums of money with a low amount of work.

Scammers contact potential pals and promise them attractive earnings for helping to transfer and receive funds to their bank accounts. They then urge the column to share their bank account. Later, other injured persons, believing in the honesty of the job offer or earnings, make deposits to the column's account. For the realization of the offers, they tell a variety of stories about the source of the origin of money. Unfortunately, sometimes it is not even necessary - the greed of the victims makes them not ask any, additional questions.

The pole receives deposits to its account and then withdraws cash. He also often gets detailed instructions from scammers, for example, he needs to go to a cryptocurrency exchange office and, for the entire amount withdrawn, buy cryptocurrencies and send them to the wallet address indicated by the scammer. As it turns out later - he uses the funds that he received from the injured.

Scammers use these cryptocurrencies to launder money by transferring them to various cryptocurrency wallets or exchanges. In this way, they try to hide the origin of illegal means. For everything, they pay the column part of the funds that they obtained through money laundering. This can create the illusion of honest cooperation.

At some point, after making many transactions of this type, scammers may already end their cooperation with the pole, leaving it without funds and exposing it to legal liability. This is an extremely dangerous scam, both for the victims depositing funds and for the pillar, who could consequently face prosecution for money laundering and participating in crime.

How to protect yourself from pole fraud?

To avoid falling into the trap of scams of this kind, it is important to be careful and not engage in activities that seem suspicious or illegal. Especially if the conditions are too good to be true. Never share your bank account or make transactions for the benefit of strangers, especially if these actions seem unclear or illegal. It is also worth checking job offers twice before making any decisions and use only reliable sources of information.

What can I do if I have been deceived in this or that way?

If you have been affected by a similar situation, you can:

  • prepare a description of the case (including documents, contracts, transactions, messages sent, etc.),
  • consult with a legal adviser or lawyer,
  • decide on further legal steps after consultation.

Legal commentary

The described actions may be considered as crimes such as, among others: fraud as defined in Article 286 of the Criminal Code, money laundering as defined in Article 299 § 1 of the Criminal Code, tax patronage (tax evasion through the so-called pole) defined in Article 55 § 1 of the Tax Criminal Code, participation in an organized criminal group as defined in Article 258 § 1 of the Criminal Code, exclude repayment of the loan specified in Article 297 of the Criminal Code. The criminal liability of the so-called pillar depends on many factors, including the awareness of such a person about the criminal nature of such actions.
In order for the proceedings to take place, it is necessary to file a notice of the possibility of committing a crime. The notice can be submitted in writing or orally to the protocol in the nearest unit of the Police or Prosecutor's Office. In the event of a conviction, the court may order, and at the request of the injured party, order the obligation to compensate (in whole or in part) the damage caused by the crime or to make reparation for the harm suffered. The application can be filed until the court wire is closed at the main hearing. Compensation or compensation may also be sought in civil proceedings. To do this, you need to file an action and file a corresponding lawsuit.

lawyer Rafał Lorent, counsel at 3DOTS Law

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